Qudsi Ahadeeth

• The Prohibition of Injustice (First issue)

By: Muhammad bin Uthman al-Maqdisi (Palestine) - 2012-09-10

 

 

Abu Tharr reported Allah’s Messenger as saying that Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said, “My servants, I have made oppression unlawful for Me and unlawful for you, so do not commit oppression against one another. My servants, all of you are liable to err except one whom I guide on the right path, so seek right guidance from Me, so that I should direct you to the right path. O My servants, all of you are hungry (needy) except one whom I feed, so beg food from Me, so that I may give that to you. O, My servants, all of you are naked (need clothes), except one whom I provide garments, so beg clothes from Me, so that I should clothe you. O My servants, you commit error night and day and I am there to pardon your sins, so beg pardon from Me so that I should grant you pardon. O My servants, you can neither do Me any harm nor can you do Me any good. O My servants, even if the first amongst you and the last amongst you and even the whole of human race of yours, and that of jinn even, become (equal in) God-conscious like the heart of a single person amongst you, nothing would add to My Power. O My servants, even if the first amongst you and the last amongst you and the whole human race of yours and that of the jinn too in unison become the most wicked (all beating) like the heart of a single person, it would cause no loss to My Power. O My servants, even if the first amongst you and the last amongst you and the whole human race of yours and that of jinn also all stand on one plain ground and you ask Me and I confer upon every person what he asks for, it would not, in any way, cause any loss to Me (even less) than that which is caused to the ocean by dipping the needle in it. My servants, these for you I shall reward you for them, so one whose deeds of yours which I am recording finds good, should praise Allah and one who does not find that should not blame anyone but their own self.” (Collected by Imam Muslim in his Sahih, 2577)

 

 

 

The Standing of this hadeeth:

This hadeeth comprises of many principles and fundamentals in the religion, as well as the greatest intents that the religion came to fulfill.  This is why Abu Idris al-Khawlani used to fall to his knees when narrating this hadeeth, and Imam Ahmad used to say, “It is the most noble narration of the People of ash-Sham.”

Al-Imam an-Nawawi said in, al-Athkar, “This hadeeth comprises of the following benefits:

  • This hadeeth is very lofty and its chain of narration and text are both authentic.
  • This hadeeth comprises of clarifying great principles in the fundamental and subsidiary parts of the religion, as well as manners, heart softeners, and other than that, and Allah knows best.”

Benefits of the hadeeth:

  1. Allah frees His Great Self and Holy Essence from shameful and deficient characteristics.  Injustice, according to Ahl as-Sunnah wa al-Jama`ah is to place something in its unfit place, and this is a deficiency on the part of mankind, and, no doubt, on Allah if He had such a trait.
  2. Allah forbade injustice on Himself, as He said, “Surely! Allah wrongs not even of the weight of an atom (or a small ant), but if there is any good (done), He doubles it, and gives from Him a great reward.” (4:40), and He said, “And your Lord is not at all unjust to (His) slaves.” (41:46)
  3. Allah obligated justice on Himself, He said, “And he who works deeds of righteousness, while he is a believer (in Islamic Monotheism) then he will have no fear of injustice, nor of any curtailment (of his reward).” (20:112)
  4. Allah made injustice between His slaves among the things which destroy them and included as part of the ruinous sins.
  5. Injustice is of types:
    1. Shirk (polytheism) in worshiping Allah, and it is the worst type of injustice. Allah said [on the tongue of Luqman], “O my son! Join not in worship others with Allah. Verily! Joining others in worship with Allah is a great thulm(wrong) indeed.” (31:13)
    2. Injustice of a slave on their own self. Allah said, “But mankind wrong themselves.” (10:44)
    3. Injustice of slaves towards each other, Allah said, “We wronged them not, but they were the thalimoon(polytheists, wrong-doers, etc.).” (43:76)
  6. All slaves of Allah, be they mankind or jinn, are in need of Allah I to bring them what benefits them and drive away what harms them, in all matters of life and religion.  Allah is Al-Khaliq (The Creator), ar-Raziq (The Sustainer); to Him belongs creation and commandment, and in His hand is the domain of everything.
  7. This hadeeth urges supplication, and shows that it is a religious means to bringing about benefits and pushes away harm.
  8. It is recommended for the slave of Allah to ask their Lord for all religious benefits, such as guidance, firmness on the truth, and a good ending, as well as all worldly benefits, such as food, drink, and clothing.  Some of the salaf used to ask Allah for all their needs, including salt for their dough, and feed for his riding animal.
  9. All of the children of Adam commit mistakes, due to their humanly weakness and deficiency.  The son of Adam falls into sin, then feels guilty, which is what the Messenger r referred to, saying, “All children of Adam commit mistakes, but the best of those who commit mistakes are those who repent.” (Collected by at-Tirmithi, and it is hasan)
  10. Allah is self-sufficient and does not need the creation, which cannot benefit or harm Him.  He I is sufficient and is not in need of them, or their actions.  No obedience of the obedient benefits Him, and no sin of the sinful harms Him.
  11. None of the actions of Allah’s slaves reach Him at all, but rather it is the taqwa (fear of Allah) and obedience that reaches Him.  That is why Allah loves that His slaves fear and obey Him, and hates that they disbelieve and disobey.  Allah said, “Whosoever does righteous good deed it is for (the benefit of) their own self, and whosoever does evil, it is against their own self; and your Lord is not at all unjust to (His) slaves.” (41:46)
  12. Allah’s treasures are full and never empty, and this shows that His capabilities are complete, His kingdom is vast, and His giving is great.  If Allah gave every individual whatever they asked for and whatever their need was, until the Day of Resurrection, it would not decrease anything from what He possesses.
    1. Abu Hurairah t reported that the Prophet r said, “Allah’s hand is full, and (its fullness) is not affected by the continuous spending night and day.  Do you see what He has spent since He created the Heavens and the Earth? Nevertheless, what is in His Hand is not decreased.” (Collected by al-Bukhari and Muslim)
  13. Actions are judged by their ends, and recompense is based on the type of action done.  Allah collects the actions of His slaves, so whoever finds good will have their recompense be good, and vice versa, and this is from His Justice.  The only exception is if Allah decides to forgive and overlook their sins, and this is from His bounty.
  14. Good is from Allah, and evil is not attributed to Allah, which is why Allah said, “One whose deeds of which I am recording finds good should praise Allah, and one who does not find that should not blame anyone but their own self.

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